[expanded version; portions were on VOA Communications
                        World December 29]




It took the tragedies of September eleventh and their consequences to 
revive public interest in shortwave radio. Grove, Universal and Grundig 
all report greatly increased sales.

The Taliban`s Voice of Shariah was bombed off the air less than a month 
later, promptly replaced by the airborne U.S. psychological operations` 
Information Radio; and then by a more widely heard exile station based 
in London, Radio Voice of Afghanistan. As the year ended, the new Radio 
Afghanistan in Kabul was expecting new transmitters, and the US 
Congress had approved a Radio Free Afghanistan to start within a month, 
eventually via Kuwait. 


Many western stations felt the need to expand broadcasts in Dari, 
Pashtu, Arabic and other Middle Eastern languages. Libya added Hausa 
for neighbors in Nigeria. FEBC dropped Cantonese for Mandarin. HCJB 
quit Japanese, but got a license to build a transmitter in Australia.


Christian Voice, Australia, renamed itself Voice International, for 
stealthy evangelism into Asia. KHBN got a truly Palauan callsign, T8BZ. 
Radio P`yongyang became Voice of Korea. And Voice of Russia slowed down 
its interval signal.


Lots of new stations emerged on shortwave in 2001.

In Chile, Radio Parinacota; in Uruguay, Banda Oriental; in Bolivia, 
Radio Ayopaya; In Peru, among others, Radio Nuevo Horizonte, LPC La 
Radio, Radio Americana, and Radio San Antonio; in Ecuador, Centro 
Radiofónico Imbabura; in Guatemala, Radio Amistad; in the USA, WWRB; in 
Somalia, Radio Baidoa; in China, Yushu PBS.

Many more new `stations` are more like programs, buying time on 
existing transmitters: Voice of the Lord, from Manila via Germany; 
Radio Ezra, from England via somewhere, and lately Russia; Everest 
Radio, for Nepalis, from Britain, via Austria; Radio Africa 
International from Austria, confusing itself with the Methodist station 
of the same name already, via Germany.


There were lots of new opposition radios, mostly buying time from 
existing non-clandestine transmitters in the USA, Britain, Germany, 
Russia, CIS. Mathias Kropf`s annual report says there was a 4.7 percent 
increase in clandestine broadcasting time. Including:

For Nigeria: Voice of Biafra International, Salama Radio. For Eritrea 
and Ethiopia: Voice of Tigreans from North America, Voice of Our 
Martyrs, Netsanet Le Ethiopia Radio, Tigrean International Solidarity 
for Justice and Democracy, Voice of the Millennium. For Sudan, Voice of 
Freedom and Renewal. For Vietnam and Cambodia, Voice of Khmer Kampuchea 
Krom, Voice of Justice, and Radio Free Vietnam # 2; for Kurdistan and 
Iran, Radio Bopeshawa, Denge Mezopotamya, Radio Payam-e Doost; for 
Chechnya, Radio Chechnya Svovobodnaya, then Radio Kavkaz. And just 
started for Zimbabwe, SW Radio Africa.


We gained many, but we also lost some stations: La Voz de la Fundación, 
and I think, Colombia`s Voz de la Resistencia; HRET Honduras; CHNX, 
Halifax; IBB at Playa de Pals, Spain; AWR, Forlì, Italy; Malawi and 
Kenya; JJY timesignals from Japan, and VNG Australia may be next. 


But a number of countries and stations were heard again in 2001 after 
an absence: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo-
Brazzaville, and Laos; Radio Bayrak, Northern Cyprus, Idea Radio from 
Colombia instead of Italy; Radio Apintie, Suriname; All India Radio 
from Jeypore; Rádio Ecclésia, Angola, this year via Germany instead of 
Holland; Voice of Croatia, also via Germany; Rádio Taubaté in Brazil; 
Radio Marañón and thanks to an earthquake, Radio Tacna in Perú.


As some national broadcasters cut back, transmitter time became 
available for others wanting a closer shot at their targets, to the 
benefit of everyone. For example, Sweden and Holland now via Canada; 
RVi via lots of sites, but no longer Belgium itself. AWR added Austria 
to Slovakia. Abu Dhabi became available for many relays, even American 
missionaries, as well as Japan and Australia, which also started using 
Singapore and Tinian as well as Taiwan, and even Darwin again. And 
Poland`s ailing transmitters may soon give way to relays abroad.


Swiss Radio International continued its planned obsolescence of 
shortwave, despite few hits at its Swissinfo website, ending broadcasts 
to North America, Europe and Australia.

The biggest scandal of the year was BBC cutting off shortwave to North 
America and Australia at mid-year, and, the way they went about it.

Another media program ceased broadcasts, but continued on internet, 
MediaScan from Sweden.

WJCR disappeared from Kentucky, pending new ownership, and lots of 
transmitter work. HCJB trimmed its programming, but added a direct 
broadcast to India. Cairo has one or two new transmitters capable of 
listenable audio. Adrian Peterson counts 35 new shortwave transmitters 
under construction in Africa. 

China has been filling up the bands with 34 new transmitters, from the 
American manufacturer Continental, plus a few more for Vietnam, 
allowing these countries to continue to lead the world in jamming, 
along with Cuba.

Austria had to cut its staff and original programming, especially in 
German, but with a greatly reduced budget remains on shortwave; Finland 
is doing us a favor by retaining one broadcast in English to North 
America. Canada is making a gradual comeback after unexplained cuts. 
VOA was persuaded not to cut as many languages as the outgoing 
administration ordered. Radio Norway stays on the air only by relaying 
domestic output; ditto an overlooked gem, Radio Educación in Mexico 


Two of its neighbors take the cake for worn out transmitters, Radio 
Mexico International, with spurs stronger but more distorted than the 
fundamental; and XERTA wandering all over the 60 meter band. Dubai 
can`t decide which side of Sa`udi Arabia to be on 13 meters.

Some maladjusted transmitters let us hear nearby stations by mistake: 
WWL via WRNO; Radio Popular, Venezuela via YVTO; China television via 
French Guiana.


Technicians on strike disrupted programming at CBC and RCI; journalists 
at Radio France Internationale. Vatican Radio was absolved of 
electrosmog at its transmitter site, but not before starting to reduce 
output from Italy.


Shortwave is showing its age, with anniversaries like these in 2001: 
the Benelux DX Club reached 40; Radio Prague, Radio Warsaw/Polonia, and 
Radio Yugoslavia all became 65, but Belgrade`s transmitter in Bosnia 
came back on in May, went back off in December, they say for only a 
month. HCJB just celebrated 70 years of Heralding Christ Jesus` 

We marked the centennial of Marconi`s trans-Atlantic spark-gap DX, but 
barely noticed the 101st anniversary of Reginald Fessenden`s first voice 


Let`s recognise some good ideas stations have tried: European pirate, 
Radio Borderhunter, tested very low power to North America, 
successfully heard by David Hodgson at only 100 milliwatts on 15 MHz. 
Radio Ukraine International tried to use its megawatt transmitter, but 
the authorities prefer to let the Russians use several Ukrainian 
transmitters again, to the detriment of RUI. Saint Petersburg testing 
to North America, first with Radio Gardarika, lately Radio Center. Live 
from Turkey, a weekly call-in. WWFV started broadcasts in 
radioteletype. Digital Radio Mondiale continues testing the short-wave 
of the future, oblivious to complaints that it`s too close to the 
analog shortwave of the present.


Among the shortwave stations which added or upgraded webcasting this 
year were RFPI, HCJB, Havana and Taiwan. Many of the newest stations, 
especially clandestines, include internet audio as a matter of course.


We`re happy to note a number of stations asserting or demonstrating 
their commitment to shortwave, improving or expanding programming 
and/or equipment: Radio Prague, Radio Netherlands, Voice of Nigeria, 
Voice of Mesopotamia, Radio Vilnius, FEBC Manila. RAE Argentina revived 
a second transmitter, but to little avail. Venezuelan president Hugo 
Chávez got a talkshow on shortwave thanks to his pal Fidel, but not 
heard lately. Radio for Peace International began a new campaign called 
Stop Hate on Radio.


Deceased, William Cooper, The Hour of the Time, in a shootout with 
police; gone without a trace, and most wanted, after another shootout, 
Steve Anderson of United Patriot Radio.

We are saddened by a longer list than usual of broadcasters and 
shortwave hobby luminaries who died in 2001: Roger Legge of VOA and the 
USSR High Frequency Broadcast Newsletter; Nikolai Pashkevich in Moscow; 
Vera Sarkany of Radio Budapest; Ramón Mendezona of Radio España 
Independiente; Douglas Adams, Hitchhiker at the BBC; Bob Thomalski of 
Media Network; Bob Beukema, the Voice of HCJB; David Briggs, who built 
KCBI; Larry Shewchuk of Manitoba; and Samuel Weiner, without whom, his 
son`s station WBCQ would not exist. 

As the year ended, Mother Angelica of Eternal Word was under intensive 


Notable personnel changes include: Herminio San Román, out at Radio 
Martí; Salvador Lew, in at the Office of Cuba Broadcasting. Judy Massa 
retired from Border Crossings at VOA. The VOA Directorship passed from 
Sandy Ungar to Robert R. Reilly with Myrna Whitworth acting in between. 
At Deutsche Welle, Dieter Weirich was replaced by Erik Betterman, who 
foresees a reduction to 5 or 6 major languages. Turnover too at RCI, 
from Robert O`Reilly to Denis Doucet to Jean Larin. Bill Matthews is 
now retiring as DX reporter for AWR and RKI.


There was excitement about these new stations, except no one ever heard 
them: Radio UNAMSIL in Sierra Leone, Radio Kahuzi in the DR Congo. 
Still on the way, we are assured, are KBBN in Papua New Guinea; an IMF 
missionary station in Piñón, New Mexico, and Al Weiner`s maritime 
mobile bound for Belize. But once again this year, what is going on 
with Earth One, still registering frequencies, but never appearing; and 
from Radio Free Asia, we`re *still* waiting on Wu.

For VOA News Now, I`m Glenn Hauser.

P.S. from Kim Elliott:

Glenn:  Thanks.

Sorry to spoil your tradition, but apparently RFA has a Wu segment
within its Mandarin broadcast. It's largely unadvertised and not listed
as a separate language. As such, I guess you can keep your Wu closing
as it is. 73 Kim